Professor Julien Steven, Baker

Ph.D, D.Sc, FPhysiol, FRSM, FHBA, FIETI, FIBiol, FICR, C.Biol, C.sci


PositionFounder, Centre for Health and Exercise Science Research

Academic Positions

  • Head of Department, Sport, Physical Education and Health, Hong Kong Baptist University 2019 Director of Research, Institute of Clinical Exercise and Health Science, UWS 2011-2019 
  • Chair and Head of Exercise and Sport Sciences, School of Science,UWS 2009- 2015 
  • Head of the Muscle Metabolism Research Group University of Glamorgan 2002-2009 


Academic qualifications

  • Doctor of Science (D.Sc.) University of the West of Scotland, School of Science  
  • Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) Human Physiology University of Glamorgan; in collaboration with; The Cellular  Nutrition Research Group, University Department of Biochemistry Oxford University. Royal Liverpool  University Hospital Department, of Biochemistry. Queens University Clinical Biochemistry Department,  Belfast. Royal Glamorgan Hospital, Departments of Pathology and Biochemistry.  
  • MSc Exercise Science, University of Loughborough Specialist area Physiology 
  • BA (Hons) Exercise Science, University of Wales Institute Cardiff  
  • Exercise and Immune Function
  • Hormonal control and Exercise
  • Applied Physiology
  • Exercise Biochemistry
  • Cardiovascular Disease
  • Obesity and related co-morbidities
  • Biomechanics

Professor Julien Steven Baker PhD, DSc is Head of the Sport, Physical Education and Health Department at Hong Kong Baptist University. He is also the Director of the Centre for Health and Exercise Science Research. Professor Baker has published over 480 articles in peer reviewed journals. His research areas include, oxidative stress, immune function, hormonal control of exercise, metabolism, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and obesity, vascular biology and biomechanics. He is a Fellow of the Physiological Society, and has fellowships with the Royal Society of Biology, the Human Biology Association, the Institute of Clinical Research and the Institution of Engineering and Technology. Prof Baker  is also  a member of the American Physiological Society, and the Society for the Study of Biology (SSOB). In addition, he has membership of the British Pharmacological Society, and the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB). Professor Baker is a Honorary Professor at the University of Ningbo, and has Visiting Professor status at the University of Sydney and Ningbo University Ninth Hospital Medical Research Centre.

Prof Baker’s research has attracted considerable interest from the public and media with several articles published in the Times, Scottish Herald, The Scotsman, Daily Telegraph, The Independent, The Australian, The Guardian, Daily Mail, Daily Mirror, South Wales Echo, Scottish Evening News and Western Mail. Prof Baker had also been interviewed by BBC Radio 4, Radio 2, Radio Wales, Dragon Radio, Bristol Radio and Scottish News

  • Director, Institute of Clinical Exercise and Health Science, School of Science University of the West of Scotland, UK (2011-2019)
  • Chair and Head of Exercise and Sport Sciences, School of Science, University of the West of Scotland, UK (2009- 2015)
  • Head of the Muscle Metabolism Research Group, University of Glamorgan, UK (2002-2009)
  • Professor, University of Glamorgan, UK (2005)
  • Reader, University of Glamorgan, UK (2003)
  • Lecturer, University of Glamorgan, UK (1997-2000)
  • Research Associate, University of Wales Institute Cardiff, UK (1994-1997)
  • Lecturer University of Wales Institute Cardiff, UK (1989-1994)
  1. Association of Colleges (AoC) Gold Award for Further Education Alumni 2015 for academic excellence. Ceremony at the House of Commons Terrace Pavilion on Wednesday 10 June 2015, presented by Lord Willis of Knaresborough, President of the AoC Charitable Trust. 
  2. Recipient of the American Society of Exercise Physiologists International Investigator Award for 2008 presented at 10th Annual Meeting, Duluth Minnesota 10-12 April, 2008.
  1. Yue, X. G., Shao, X. F., Li, R. Y. M., Crabbe, M. J. C., Mi, L., Hu, S., Baker, J. S., Liu, L., Dong, K. (2020).  Risk Prediction and Assessment: Duration, Infections and Death Toll of the COVID-19 and Its Impact on China’s  Economy., Applied Economics and Finance section. Journal of Risk Financial Management. 2020, 13, 66; doi:  10.3390/jrfm13040066 
  2. Hosseini M, Bagheri R, Nikkar H, Baker JS, Jaime SJ, Mosayebi Z, Zouraghi MR,Wong A. The effect of interval  training on adipokine plasmatic levels in rats with induced myocardial infarction. Arch Physiol Biochem. 2020  May 15:1-5. doi:10.1080/13813455.2020.1764049. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 32412814. 
  3. 3. Bagheri R, Rashidlamir A, Ashtary-Larky D, Wong A, Grubbs B, Motevalli MS, Baker JS, Laher I, Zouhal H.  Effects of green tea extract supplementation and endurance training on irisin, pro-inflammatory cytokines, and  adiponectin concentrations in overweight middle-aged men. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2020 Apr;120(4):915-923. doi:  10.1007/s00421-020-04332-6. Epub 2020 Feb 24. PMID:32095935. 
  4. Bagheri R, Moghadam BH, Church DD, Tinsley GM, Eskandari M, Moghadam BH, Motevalli MS, Baker JS,  Robergs RA, Wong A. The effects of concurrent training order on body composition and serum concentrations of  follistatin, myostatin and GDF11 in sarcopenic elderly men. Exp Gerontol. 2020 May; 133:110869. doi: 10.1016/j.exger.2020.110869. Epub 2020 Feb 5. PMID: 32035222. 
  5. Mokhtarzade M, Motl R, Negaresh R, Zimmer P, Khodadoost M, Baker JS, Patel D,Majdinasab N, Ranjbar R.  Exercise-induced changes in neurotrophic factors and markers of blood-brain barrier permeability are moderated  by weight status in multiple sclerosis. Neuropeptides. 2018 Aug; 70:93-100. doi: 10.1016/j.npep.2018.05.010.  Epub 2018 May 31. PMID: 29880392. 
  6. Majdinasab N, Motl RW, Mokhtarzade M, Zimmer P, Ranjbar R, Keytsman C, CullenT, Negaresh R, Baker JS.  Acute responses of cytokines and adipokines to aerobic exercise in relapsing vs. remitting women with multiple  sclerosis. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2018 May;31:295-301. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2018.03.004. Epub 2018 Mar  14. PMID: 29705471. 
  7. Song Y, Ren F, Sun D, Wang M, Baker JS, István B, Gu Y. Benefits of Exercise on Influenza or Pneumonia in Older Adults: A Systematic Review. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Apr 13;17(8):2655. doi:  10.3390/ijerph17082655. PMID: 32294922; PMCID: PMC7215850.
  1. Research Grants Council Hong Kong (RGC) postdoctoral fellowship scheme (PDFS) 2020/21 (2020) Successfully awarded to Professor Julien S Baker $1, 300,000 Dr Rashmi Supriya
  2. Development of an Interdisciplinary Hub for Obesity Research under the *Centre for Global Sport and Recreation Studies (CGSRS)*under the name change from “Centre for Global Sport and Recreation Studies (CGSRS) to “Centre for Health and Exercise Science Research” Professor Julien S. Baker PhD, D.Sc. Strategic Development fund successfully awarded $2,998,863 (2020)
  3. 2019: Royal Society of Edinburgh, £24,000
  4. 2018: Toyota mobility challenge, £500,000
  5. 2018: Scottish Government, £67,000
  6. 2017: Chief Scientific Officer for Scotland Multiple Sclerosis project, £240,000
  7. August 2016 – August 2017: Bright 1 Bodies: Extending the Bright Bodies Weight Management Program to Adolescents with Type 1 DiabetesYale School of Nursing Biobehavioral Lab and the Miller Fund, US$3,000.
  8. August 2016 – August 2017: Bright 1 Bodies: Extending the Bright Bodies Weight Management Program to Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes, Friends of Yale-New Haven Children’s Hospital Elephant Grants, US$10,914.
  9. 2016: Digital Health Institute Lenus Digital Health Platform. Easton, C., (PI), Muggeridge, D.M., McRae, E., & Baker, J.S., £57,000
  10. 2016: Uddingston Cricket club, £20,000
  11. 2016: Mres student 2, £8,000
  12. 2016: ASHMANA project funded by DHI CEO (Pi JB and CE), £15,000
  13. 2016: International PhD student, £72,000
  14. 2015: Innovation voucher Laura Walker Ltd, £5,000
  15. 2015: Celtic FC Funded MRes, £8,000
  16. 2015: ASHMANA project funded by DHI CEO (Pi JB and CE), £50,000
  17. 2015: Censis Pilot work for C02 monitor (Pi DG & JB), £95,000


External examiner for MSc Health and Exercise Science University of Wales Institute Cardiff (2006-2010)

External Examiner for MSc Strength and Conditioning University of Edinburgh (2010-)

External Examiner BSc Sport and Exercise Science Swansea University (2013-)



Reviewer for research grants council of Hong Kong.

Reviewer for National Institute of Health Service (NHS) Service Delivery and Organisation National Research and Development Programme.

Reviewer for the Wales Office of Research and Development for Health and Social Care (WORD) Research Funding Scheme, in partnership with the Medical Research Council (MRC) Reviews.

Reviewer for National Research Foundation.



Physiological Consultant, Welsh Rugby Union.

Physiological Consultant, Welsh Badminton Association (NCF).

Physiological Consultant, Welsh Swimming Association (NCF).

Physiological Consultant, Welsh Table Tennis Association (NCF).

Physiological Consultant, Welsh Amateur Athletics Association (NCF).

Physiological Adviser, to British Karate Kyokushinkai World Tournament teams.

British Karate Technical Committee.

British Karate Executive Committee.                                        

Physiology Adviser to Cardiff R.FC.

Physiology Adviser to Pontypridd RFC (1991- 2001).              

Physiology Adviser to Cardiff Devils ice hockey team. 

Physiology Adviser to National Coaching Foundation.


Editorial Board:
1. Public Library of Science (PLOS ONE)
2. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
3. International Journal of Physiology and Pathophysiology Research
4. Research Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
5. Nutrition and Dietary Supplements
6. Journal of Exercise Physiology
7. Research in Sports Medicine
8. The Open Access Sports Medicine Journal
9. The Sports Medicine Journal
10. Journal of Biological Sciences
11. Journal of Addiction
12. Clinical Research on Foot and Ankle
13. Journal of Athletic Enhancement
14. Academic and Scientific Publishing
15. International Journal of Advanced Education Research. Science Publishing Corporation
16. Frontiers in Education
17. Research in Sports Medicine: An International Journal Special Issue “Physical Activity, Obesity, and Health” Guest Editor.
18. Biology of Exercise
19. Journal of Sport, Exercise and Orthopaedics
20. Journal of Foot and Ankle: Herbert Publications
21. Journal of Addiction and Prevention: Avens Publishing Group
22. Archives of Obesity
23. MOJ Orthopedics & Rheumatology
24. Journal of Cancer Prevention & Current Research
25. Clinical Medicine Reviews in Cardiology
26. International Journal of Diabetology & Vascular Disease Research

27. Cardiovascular Toxicology

The Lancet, British Medical Journal, Cardiovascular Toxicology, Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercise, Lung, International Journal of Obesity, Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, American Journal of Preventive Medicine, British Journal of Nutrition, Chronobiology International, Journal of Applied Physiology, Lipids in Health and Disease, Clinical Medicine: Psychiatry, The Open Sports Medicine Journal, Nutrition and Metabolism, Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, Neuroscience & Bio behavioral Reviews, Biomarker Insights, International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism, Journal of  Reproductive and Infant Psychology, Journal of Gerontology, European Journal of Clinical Investigation, Journal of Trauma, Research in Sports Medicine, Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology, Drug Design Development and Therapy, International Journal of Experimental, Clinical and Behavioral Gerontology, International Journal of Sports Medicine, The Open Anthropology Journal, British Journal of Sports Medicine, Journal of Sports Sciences, Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, British Journal of Nutrition, Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, Journal of Exercise Physiology, Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis, European Journal of Applied Physiology, National Coaching Foundation Educational Reviews, Journal of Sport and Health Science, Physiology & Behavior, Journal of Physical Activity & Health, American Journal of Public Health, BMC Public Health, BMC Medicine, PLOS one, Nutrients, Nutrition Research, Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, Sports Medicine, Journal de Pedi atria, QJM: An International Journal of Medicine, Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics, British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, Primary Care Diabetes, Nutrients, The Physician and Sports Medicine, Health Promotion International, Journal of Aging Science, Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology, Frontiers in Physiology, Injury Prevention



Fellow of the Physiological Society FPhysiol

Fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine FRSM

Fellow of the Royal Society of Biology FRSBiol

Fellow of the Human Biology Association FHBA

Fellow of the International Engineering and Technology Institute FIETI

Fellow of the Institute of Clinical Research FICR

Chartered Biologist CBiol

Chartered Scientist Society of Biology CSci

Member of the Physiological Society of Great Britain

Member of the American Physiological Society

Member of the New York Academy of Sciences

Member of the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Member of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB)

Member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science

Member of the Society for the study of Human Biology

Member of the Pharmacological society of Great Britain

Member of the American Association of Exercise Physiologists

Member of the American College of Sports Medicine

Member of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences

Member of the National Sports Medicine Institute

Member of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology (BABAO)